The Undergraduate Mentoring in Environmental Biology (UMEB) offers students such as myself to develop and participate in a research project during the summer.

I have two wonderful boys who love to keep me on my toes.  Lane is in second grade and Kage is in Kindergarten at Kinsey Elementary School.  Once a week we schedule family night, on which we play board games, color, or watch a show so we can spend quality time together.  I cherish these moments with my family and hope to continue family nights well into their teen years.  I enjoy working with arts and crafts such as quilting and scarp booking when time permits . 

If we want the future generation to inherit the resources of today, we need to study the human impacts on the Colorado Plateau ecosystem.  What we may think is good for the ecosystem now might not necessarily be true later on.  We will not know the outcome until it becomes a problem in the future.  So it is important to study the human impact upon the ecosystem.

Embolisms among plants are common in dry conditions when thee are limited water resources.  Conifers such a the ponderosa pine have long narrow water conducting cells called tracheids.  When water freezes the dissolved air comes out of the solution and forms an air bubble.  Through thawing ice these bubbles can expand and rupture the tracheids causing water embolism.

My research question is:  Is water embolism caused by the different size of tracheids in ponderosa pine (pinus ponderosa LAWS)?

It is important to ask a research question so you do not deviate from your research.  We all have to start somewhere; s asking a question will keep me on track.  I have always heard that an excellent research study is one that concludes with more questions than originally started with.

Disneyland 2002
My family: Lane, Kage, James and I during our vacation to Disneyland.

Ponderosa Pine
Main specimen Pinus ponderosa LAWS.

Interesting fact: angiosperm do not have tracheids!