Global Paleogeography

Please Note

As of February 2011, the maps on this page will no longer be updated; please visit

  • Colorado Plateau Geosystems Website

    to access all of the maps in this series as well as new and revised maps.

    Introduction

    Use of Maps

    The paleogeographic maps on this website are intended solely for personal use and use by educators in the classroom. The maps may not be sold or redistributed or used for any purpose in which there is a charge or fee to use the maps. To use for any other purpose including scholarly publications, displays, kiosks, etc., please visit Colorado Plateau Geosystems Website

    The global views presented in this series show how Earth may have appeared over the last 600 million years (Ma). All views were prepared from rectangular projections drawn at a resolution of 3000x1500 pixels for each of the 26 time slices. The orthographic (spherical) and Mollweide (oval) were wrapped using the respective projections. Topography was "cloned" from digital elevation maps of modern Earth from the USGS. Colors were adjusted to portray climate and vegetation for the given time and location. The modern Earth was also drawn in this manner using a color pallet derived from satellite images created by ARC Science of Loveland, Colorado. The geologic data was gathered from the references listed below.


    Mollewide globes 27 global time slices in mollewide projection


    Paleogeographic globes 26 global time slices, many with 2 or 3 views.


    Paleogeographic maps in rectangular format Each of above time-slices in rectangular format. p


    References -- Scroll Down

  • Blakey, R. C., 1996, Permian eolian deposits, sequences, and sequence boundaries, Colorado Plateau, in Longman M, W. and Sonnenfeld, M. D. (eds), Paleozoic systems of the Rocky Mountain Region: Rocky Mountain Section SEPM, p. 405-426.
  • Blakey, R. C., Havholm, K. G., and Jones, L.S., 1996, Stratigraphic analysis of eolian interactions with marine and fluvial deposits, Middle Jurassic Page Sandstone and Carmel Formation, Colorado Plateau, U.S.A.: Journal of Sedimentary Research, V. 66, p. 324-342.
  • Blakey, R.C., 1994, Paleogeographic and tectonic controls on some Lower and Middle Jurassic erg deposits, Colorado Plateau, in Caputo, M.V., Peterson, J.A., and Franczyk, K.J., (eds.), Mesozoic systems of the Rocky Mountain region, USA: Rocky Mountain Section, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Special Publication, p. 273-298.
  • Blakey, R.C., Basham, E.L., and Cook, M.J., 1993, Early and Middle Triassic paleogeography, Colorado Plateau and vicinity, in Morales, M., ed., Aspects of Mesozoic Geology and Paleontology of the Colorado Plateau: Museum of Northern Arizona Bulletin 59, p. 13-26.
  • Blakey, R.C., Peterson, F., and Kocurek, G., 1988, Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic eolian deposits of the Western Interior of the United States: Sedimentary Geology, v. 56, p. 3-125.
  • Blundell, D., Freeman, R, and Mueller, S. 1992, A continent revealed the European geotraverse: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 275p.
  • Burchfiel, B. C., Cowan, D. S., and Davis, G. A., 1992, Tectonic overview of the Cordilleran orogen in the western U. S., in Burchfiel, B. C., Lipman, P. W., and Zoback, M. L., The Cordilleran Orogen: conterminous U. S.: The Geology of North America, Volume G-3, Decade of North American Geology, Geological Society of America, Boulder, p. 407-480.
  • Christiansen, R. L., and Yeats, R. S., 1992, Post-Laramide geology of the western U.S. Cordillera, in Burchfiel, B. C., Lipman, P. W., and Zoback, M. L., The Cordilleran Orogen: conterminous U. S.: The Geology of North America, Volume G-3, Decade of North American Geology, Geological Society of America, Boulder, p. 261-406.
  • Cook, T. D. and Bally, A. W., 1975, Stratigraphic atlas of North and Central America: Princeton University Press, Princeton, 271 p.
  • Cowan, D. S. and Bruhn, R. L., 1992, Late Jurassic to early Late Cretaceous geology of the U. S. Cordillera, in Burchfiel, B. C., Lipman, P. W., and Zoback, M. L., The Cordilleran Orogen: conterminous U. S.: The Geology of North America, Volume G-3, Decade of North American Geology, Geological Society of America, Boulder, p. 169-204.
  • Frisch, W. 1979, Tectonic progradation and plate tectonic evolution of the Alps: Tectonophysics, v. 60, p. 121-139.
  • Gealey, W. K., 1989, Plate tectonic evolution of the Mediterranean Middle East region, in Scotese, C. R. and Sager, W.W. (eds.), Mesozoic and Cenozoic plate reconstructions, Elsevier, Amsterdam, p. 285-306.
  • Ingersol, R. V. 1997, Phanerozoic tectonic evolution of central California and environs: International Geology Review, v. 39, p. 957-972.
  • Ingersol, R. V. and Schweickert, R. A. 1986, A plate-tectonic model for Late Jurassic ophiolite genesis, Nevadan orogeny and foreland initiation, northern California: Tectonics, v. 5, p. 901-912.
  • Lawton, T. F. 1994, Tectonic setting of Mesozoic sedimentary basins, Rocky Mountain region, United States, in Caputo, M.V., Peterson, J.A., and Franczyk, K.J., (eds.), Mesozoic systems of the Rocky Mountain region, USA: Rocky Mountain Section, Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Special Publication, p. 1-25.
  • Miller, D. M., Nilsen, T. H., and Bilodeau, W. L., 1992, Late Cretaceous to early Eocene geologic evolution of the U. S. Cordillera, in Burchfiel, B. C., Lipman, P. W., and Zoback, M. L., The Cordilleran Orogen: conterminous U. S.: The Geology of North America, Volume G-3, Decade of North American Geology, Geological Society of America, Boulder, p. 205-260.
  • Miller, E. L., Miller, M. M., Stevens, C. H., Wright, J. E., and Madrid, R., 1992, Late Paleozoic paleogeography and tectonic evolution of the western U. S. Cordillera, in Burchfiel, B. C., Lipman, P. W., and Zoback, M. L., The Cordilleran Orogen: conterminous U. S.: The Geology of North America, Volume G-3, Decade of North American Geology, Geological Society of America, Boulder, p. 57-106.
  • Pindell, J. L., and six others, 1989, A plate-kinematic framework for models of Caribbean evolution, in Scotese, C. R. and Sager, W.W. (eds.), Mesozoic and Cenozoic plate reconstructions, Elsevier, Amsterdam, p. 121-138.
  • Poole, F. G., and eight others, 1992, Latest Precambrian to latest Devonian time; development of a continental margin, in Burchfiel, B. C., Lipman, P. W., and Zoback, M. L., The Cordilleran Orogen: conterminous U. S.: The Geology of North America, Volume G-3, Decade of North American Geology, Geological Society of America, Boulder, p. 9-56.
  • Poole, F. G., and Sandberg, C. A., 1977, Mississippian paleogeography and Tectonics of the western United States, in Stewart, J. H., Stevens, C. H., and Fritsche, A. E., (eds.) Paleozoic paleogeography of the western United States, Pacific Section SEPM Symposium 1, p. 67-85.
  • Poole, F. G., Sandberg, C. A., and Boucot, A. J., 1977, Silurian and Devonian paleogeography of the western United States, in Stewart, J. H., Stevens, C. H., and Fritsche, A. E., (eds.) Paleozoic paleogeography of the western United States, Pacific Section SEPM Symposium 1, p. 39-65.
  • Rich, M., 1977, Pennsylvanian paleogeographic patterns of the western United States, in Stewart, J. H., Stevens, C. H., and Fritsche, A. E., (eds.) Paleozoic paleogeography of the western United States, Pacific Section SEPM Symposium 1, p. 87-111.
  • Riggs, N.R., and Blakey, R.C., 1993, Early and Middle Jurassic paleogeography and volcanology of Arizona and adjacent areas, in Dunne, G., and McDougall, K., (eds.), Mesozoic Paleogeography of the Western United States - II, Pacific Section Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Book 71, p. 347-375.
  • Ross, R. J., 1977, Ordovician paleogeography of the western United States, in Stewart, J. H., Stevens, C. H., and Fritsche, A. E., (eds.) Paleozoic paleogeography of the western United States, Pacific Section SEPM Symposium 1, p. 19-38.
  • Rowley, D. B. and Lottes, A. L., 1989, Plate-kinematic reconstructions of the North Atlantic and Arctic: Late Jurassic to Present, in Scotese, C. R. and Sager, W.W. (eds.), Mesozoic and Cenozoic plate reconstructions, Elsevier, Amsterdam, p. 73-120
  • Royden, L. H. 1993, Evolution of retreating subduction boundaries formed during continental collision: Tectonics, v. 12, p. 629-638.
  • Saleeby, J. B., 1992, Prototectonic and paleogeographic settings of U. S. Cordilleran ophiolites, in Burchfiel, B. C., Lipman, P. W., and Zoback, M. L., The Cordilleran Orogen: conterminous U. S.: The Geology of North America, Volume G-3, Decade of North American Geology, Geological Society of America, Boulder, p.653-682.
  • Saleeby, J. B., and Busby-Spery, C., 1992, Early Mesozoic tectonic evolution of the western U. S. Cordillera, in Burchfiel, B. C., Lipman, P. W., and Zoback, M. L., The Cordilleran Orogen: conterminous U. S.: The Geology of North America, Volume G-3, Decade of North American Geology, Geological Society of America, Boulder, p. 107-168.
  • Scotese, C. R., 1998. Quicktime Computer Animations, PALEOMAP Project Department of Geology, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas.
  • Scotese, C. R., Gahagan, L. M., and Larson, R. L., 1989, Plate tectonic reconstructions of the Cretaceous and Cenozoic ocean basins, in Scotese, C. R. and Sager, W.W. (eds.), Mesozoic and Cenozoic plate reconstructions, Elsevier, Amsterdam, p. 27-48.
  • Sengor, A. M. C. and Natal?in, B. A., 1996, Paleotectonics of Asia: Fragments of a synthesis, in Yin, A. and Harrison, T. M., The tectonic evolution of Asia: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p. 486-640.
  • Stampfli, G., Borel, G., Cavazza, W., Moshar, J., and Ziegler, P. A., 2002, The paleotectonic atlas of the periTethyan domain: European Geophysical Society, CD-ROM.
  • Stevens, C. H., 1977, Permian depositional provinces and tectonics, western United States, in Stewart, J. H., Stevens, C. H., and Fritsche, A. E., (eds.) Paleozoic paleogeography of the western United States, Pacific Section SEPM Symposium 1, p. 113-135.
  • Van der Voo, R., 1993, Paleomagnetism of the Atlantic, Tethys, and Iapetus oceans: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 411 p.
  • Yin, A. and Shangyou, N, 1996, A Phanerozoic palinspastic reconstruction of China and its neighboring regions, in Yin, A. and Harrison, T. M., The tectonic evolution of Asia: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p. 442-485.
  • Ziegler, P. A. 1990, Geological atlas of western and central Europe: Shell International Petroleum, Maatschappij, 239p.