DATES: A.D. 1150-1220 (Mills, Goetze and Zedeno 1993; but see Colton 1958, Breternitz 1966 and Ambler 1985)

See Ware Description, except:

Surface Appearance: Somewhat well compacted and usually polished, but some exterior bowl surfaces left scraped. Surfaces sometimes slipped.

Surface Color: Surface is white to light gray, sometimes with bluish tint. Core can be any shade of gray.

Vessel Forms: Bowls and jars and sometimes ladles. Bowl walls range from 2 - 6.4 mm. with an average thickness of 4 mm. Jar walls range from 1.8 - 5.4 mm. with an average thickness of 4 mm.

Rims: Bowl rims are out-flaring. Often flat and sometimes rounded.

Decoration and Paint: Painted with black carbon paint. Lines average 3. 7 mm with a range of 2.5 - 4.5 mm. Designs are extremely varied. Opposed barbed lines are diagnostic. Y-frame layout is common. Cribbed lines, interlocking rectilinear and triangular hooks, stacked chevrons common. "Throw-back" designs are common; that is, designs that were frequent on earlier types such as Black Mesa Black-on-white. The outflaring rims of bowls often have their own band of design, such as opposed triangles, vertical hatching, or panels of small elements.

RANGE: Northeast Arizona.

COMPARISON: Flagstaff lines are thinner than Sosi Black-on-white. Sosi is usually bolder in design and stripes, with wider lines averaging 6.7 mm. Solid elements are large, and barbs are less frequent. Sosi has no pinnate lines and cross-hatching, but it is more highly polished. Flagstaff paste is finer than Black Mesa, and designs are smaller. Flagstaff designs are similar to some Walnut Black-on-white, which has thick white slip, dark gray paste, and sherd temper. Flagstaff designs have less black than Tusayan Black-on-white. Tusayan has fine grained coarse sand temper, and design covers most of surface. Large solid masses and pinnate lines are frequent; pinnate lines are less bold. Decorated surfaces are better smoothed, while undecorated surfaces are well-smoothed and rarely pitted.


REMARKS: Flagstaff Black-on-white designs can be found in other media such as rock art and textiles. For more on ceramic designs found in other media see Hays-Gilpin (1995) and Schaafsma (1993) in the Flagstaff Black-on-white bibliography.

© Copyright 2001 Northern Arizona University.

Flagstaff Black-on-white