PERIOD: Chino Phase (Colton, 1939:31-32, James, 1974(112), Higgins, 1997:46)
DATES: 1025-1400 [probably 1150-1400].
Surface Color: buff (7YR6.5/4) to creamy-white (10YR7/3), slip somewhat
fugitive, often polished; occasionally crazed or crackled; some pitting; bases
abraded from use.
Finishing: interiors sometimes show anvil marks but some have been smoothed
by scraping; exteriors smoothed by hand or light scraping.
Firing: controlled, oxidized atmosphere.
Temper: moderate in size and amount, angular quartz and feldspar of medium
size; mica rarely present but can be gold or silver muscovite.
Core Color: generally orange (5YR4.5/4) grading to gray (10YR6/2) on interior
Core Texture: medium, visible particles 0.5mm to 2.0mm
Fire Clouds: rare.
Thickness: Jar walls 4.5 mm to 14 mm; dismeters 29 cm to 40 cm (average
35 cm). Bottoms of jars may be quite thick, also area of shoulder when made
with two-piece construction.
Vessel Forms: Only jars have been observed. Jars have a shoulder which is
higher and more rounded than typical Gila shoulder of the Hohokam; some are
constructed as the "jar in a bowl" or mold inset form seen in Alameda Brown
Ware. A concave decorated band on one jar created a "double shoulder."
Rims: generally rounded and recurved (flared); a few flat.
Decoration and Paint: Entire surface thinly slipped buff to creamy-white;
designs in matte maroon mineral paint ranging from 2.5YR4/2 to 2.5YR4/6. Design
Elements include rows of triangles, hooked triangles and lines, interlocking
hooked triangles; triangular and rectangular scrolls; stepped elements and
bands of dots in triangles; line width varies from 1.8 mm to 14 mm. Decorations
are all above the shoulder area of jars.
RANGE: Occurs in the Prescott area.
COMPARISON: Prescott Red-on gray, never slipped.
CULTURAL ASSOCIATION: Prescott Culture.
Copyright 2001 Northern Arizona University.
Thinning: Paddle and anvil.