PERIOD: Chino Phase (Colton, 1939:31-32, James, 1974(112), Higgins, 1997:46)

DATES: 1025-1400 [probably 1150-1400].

Surface Color: buff (7YR6.5/4) to creamy-white (10YR7/3), slip somewhat fugitive, often polished; occasionally crazed or crackled; some pitting; bases abraded from use.

Construction: coiled.

Finishing: interiors sometimes show anvil marks but some have been smoothed by scraping; exteriors smoothed by hand or light scraping.

Firing: controlled, oxidized atmosphere.

Temper: moderate in size and amount, angular quartz and feldspar of medium size; mica rarely present but can be gold or silver muscovite.

Core Color: generally orange (5YR4.5/4) grading to gray (10YR6/2) on interior edge.

Core Texture: medium, visible particles 0.5mm to 2.0mm

Fire Clouds: rare.

Thickness: Jar walls 4.5 mm to 14 mm; dismeters 29 cm to 40 cm (average 35 cm). Bottoms of jars may be quite thick, also area of shoulder when made with two-piece construction.

Vessel Forms: Only jars have been observed. Jars have a shoulder which is higher and more rounded than typical Gila shoulder of the Hohokam; some are constructed as the "jar in a bowl" or mold inset form seen in Alameda Brown Ware. A concave decorated band on one jar created a "double shoulder."

Rims: generally rounded and recurved (flared); a few flat.

Decoration and Paint: Entire surface thinly slipped buff to creamy-white; designs in matte maroon mineral paint ranging from 2.5YR4/2 to 2.5YR4/6. Design Elements include rows of triangles, hooked triangles and lines, interlocking hooked triangles; triangular and rectangular scrolls; stepped elements and bands of dots in triangles; line width varies from 1.8 mm to 14 mm. Decorations are all above the shoulder area of jars.

RANGE: Occurs in the Prescott area.

COMPARISON: Prescott Red-on gray, never slipped.


REMARKS: Synonym is Verde Red-on-buff. Design elements on jars resemble those of Flagstaff and Walnut Black-on- white but are not as well planned or as consistently well executed.

© Copyright 2001 Northern Arizona University.

Prescott Red-on-buff


Thinning: Paddle and anvil.