PERIOD: Pueblo I to Early Pueblo II
DATES: A.D. 725 to 950 (Colton 1958); Other date ranges include A.D. 790
to 1030 (Ambler 1985), A.D. 725-816+ (Breternitz 1966), and A.D. 825-1000
(Mills et al.1993).
See Ware Description, except:
Surface Appearance: Bowl exteriors are usually scraped, causing discernible
marks. Other surfaces are smoothed or polished. Slip is rare. Those surfaces
that are slipped are frequently coarsely crazed.
Surface Color: Light gray to white surface
Rims: Straight wall, rim usually tapered or rounded, occasionally flat or
Decoration and Paint: Organic paint. Designs
often consist of thin, straight, often parallel lines that almost always overlap
at the junctions or do not meet. Other common elements
include rows of small solid triangles, flagged triangles, and chevrons. Ticked
lines and short choppy brush strokes are diagnostic.
RANGE: See ware description.
COMPARISON: Kana-a has finer lines and surface finish is smoother than Lino
Black-on-gray. Black Mesa Black-on-white has a finer paste and finish, more
solid blacks, thicker lines and more even linework than Kana-a, and has dots
instead of ticks. On Kana-a, triangles are usually narrower and more pointy
than those on Black Mesa. Wepo
Black-on-white has been identified by some analysts as a stylistic and
temporal integrade between Kana-a and Black Mesa. Wepo displays elements of
both styles, often combining thin Kana-a style linework with the pendant dots,
large filled triangles, and segmented design layout common to Black Mesa (although
any combination of characteristics is possible). Wepo correlates to what many
early analysts have referred to as "Early Black Mesa." Floyd Black-on-gray
(San Francisco Mountain Gray Ware) displays paint and designs similar to Kana-a,
but it has fine quartz and mica temper and paddle and anvil construction.
Kiatuthlanna Black-on-white (Cibola White Ware) has designs similar to Kana-a,
but has mineral paint and a less smooth surface.
CULTURAL ASSOCIATION: Anasazi, Kayenta Branch
Copyright 2001 Northern Arizona University.