This is the NAU Virtual Paleoethnobotany Manual for identification of Southwestern wild and domestic seeds and plant parts

It's under construction! Student enrolled in ANT 359, Proseminar in Archaeology, have researched and photographed seeds and other parts from several native plant species important to the prehispanic people of Arizona and beyond.


This manual displays student research at Northern Arizona University. We hope it provides helpful information about how to identify seeds and plant parts from archaeological sites in Arizona. What kind of plant did it come from? What did people use plants for? How can you tell the difference between similar kinds of plants? Please address comments, questions, and corrections to Kelley Hays-Gilpin, Assoc. Professor of Anthropology, at


click below for:


SEEDS and Plants

2-Row Barley, by Roger Dorr

Barley, by Ed Broughton

Little Barley, by Jessica Copp

Little Barley 2, by Vanessa Cornell

Barrel Cactus, under construction

Beeweed, by Vanessa Cornell

Beeweed 2, by Laura Caruthers

Bottle Gourd, by M. Pisciotta


Chenopodium, by Ed Broughton

Cholla Cactus

Cliffrose, by Roger Dorr

Cliffrose2, by Laura Leff-Allen

Gambel Oak, by Meredith Fourre

Juniper, by Ty Thompson

Maize, by Laura Leff-Allen

Maize 2, by Levi Wickwire

Mountain Mahogany, by Roxanne Begay

Mountain Mahogany 2, by Elizabeth Markel

Pepperweed, by Jessica Copp

Pigweed, by Megan Mullen


Prickly Pear Cactus 1, under construction

Prickly Pear Cactus 2, by Brandy Ciaccio

Ricegrass, by Levi Wickwire

Ricegrass 2, by Laura Caruthers

Squash, by Michael Pisciotta

Sunflower 1, under construction

Sunflower 2, under construction

Sunflower 3, by Elizabeth Markel

Three-leaf sumac, under construction

Three-leaf Sumac 2, by Stepnanie Boucher

Yucca, by Meredith Fouree

Yucca 2, by Roxanne Begay

Yucca 3, by Megan Mullen



last updated 5/5/03