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Antonio Caldara: 1670-1736

Born in Venice, Antonio Caldara probably studied with Giovanni Legrenzi, director of the Conservatorio de' mendicanti in that city from 1672 and maestro di cappella at St. Mark's from 1685. In 1716 Caldara became assistant choirmaster to Fux at St. Stephen's church in Vienna. Caldara wrote numerous oratorios (including Morte e sepoltura di Cristo), operas (including "L'Atenaidi"), Masses, cantatas, and chamber music. Caldara is mentioned, in Carl Philip Emanuel's 1775 letter to to Forkel, as one whose works his father had especially valued in his later years. A copy of Caldara's Magnificat in C major, in Bach's own hand, survives today.

Bach's World Contemporaries Chronology