Cline Library Image NAU.PH.2003.11.10.1.A9656 Cline Library Image NAU.PH. Cline Library Image NAU.PH.96.4.334.35 Cline Library Image NAU.PH. Protocols for Native American Archival Materials

The Protocols



Laws and Ethical Codes


Contact Information

First Archivist Circle

Protocols for Native American Archival Materials

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Protocols for Libraries, Archives, and Information

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Library and Information Resource Network

American Anthropological Association Code of Ethics

American Association for State and Local History Code of Ethics

American Library Association Code of Ethics

American Library Association “Librarianship and Traditional Cultural Expression”

Assembly of First Nations and the Canadian Museums Association “Task Force Report
            on Museums and First Peoples” Museum Anthropology  June 1992, Vol. 16 (2)   

Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
            Guide to Ethical Research in Indigenous Studies

Brown, Michael F. “Can Culture Be Copyrighted?” Current Anthropology April 1998

_____. “Cultural Records in Question:  Information and Its Moral Dilemmas”
            Cultural Resource Management National Park Service Vol. 21 (6) 1998

_____. Who Owns Native Culture? Cambridge, Mass:  Harvard University Press, 2003

Byrne, Alex, Alana Garwood, Heather Moorcroft, and Alan Barnes.  Aboriginal and
            Torres Strait Islander Protocols for Libraries, Archives, and Information Services  
            Deakin, ACT:  Australian Library and Information Association, 1995

Calliou, Brian.  “Methodology for Recording Oral Histories in the Aboriginal
            Community” Native Studies Review Vol. 15 (1) 2004

Carpenter, K. A., S. K. Katyal,, and A. R. Reilly. “In defense of Property” Yale Law Journal
            2009 Vol 118(6), 1022-1125.

Coffey, Wallace and Rebecca Tsosie.  “Rethinking the Tribal Sovereignty Doctrine: 
            Cultural Sovereignty and the Collective Future of Indian Nations” Stanford Law
            and Policy Review Vol. 12 (2) 2001

Cooper, Amy. “Issues in Native American Archives” Collection Management Vol. 27 (2)

Copyright Basics (U.S.Copyright Office) and

The Copyright Information Guide (

Council for the Preservation of Anthropological Records (CoPAR)
    and  Ethical Use of Anthropological Records
            (CoPAR Bulletin 10)

Fleckner, John A.  Native American Archives:  An Introduction Chicago:  Society of
            American Archivists, 1984

Freedom of Information Act and

Greaves, Tom, ed. Intellectual Property Rights for Indigenous Peoples:  A Source Book
            Oklahoma City, Okla:  Society for Applied Anthropology, 1994

_____. “Examining Indigenous Rights to Culture in North America” Cultural Dynamics
            Vol. 14 (2) 2002

Gulliford, Andrew.  Sacred Objects and Sacred Places:  Preserving Tribal Traditions
            Boulder:  University of Colorado, 2000

Hendry, Joy.  Reclaiming Culture:  Indigenous People and Self-Representation
            Palgrave Macmillan, 2005

Hopi Tribe Research Protocols

Indigenous Knowledge Systems and Intellectual Property Rights: An Enabling Tool for
Development with Identity

Janke, Terri.  Our Culture, Our Future:  Report on Australian and Indigenous Cultural
           and Intellectual Property Rights  Surrey Hills, N.S.W.:  Michael Frankel, 1998

Lawson, Kimberley L.  Precious Fragments:  First Nations Materials in Archives,
            Libraries, and Museums Vancouver:  University of British Columbia, 2004

Lind, Robert C. Art and Museum Law Durham: NC:  Carolina Academic Press, 2002

Lomawaima, K. Tsianina.  “Tribal Sovereigns:  Reframing Research in American Indian
            Education” Harvard Educational Review Spring Vol. 70 (1) 2000

The Mata’atua Declaration on Cultural and Intellectual Property Rights of Indigenous

Model Law for the Protection of Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Innovations, and

Nakata, Martin et. al. Mapping the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Protocols for
            Libaries, Archives, and Information Services  University of Technology Sydney,

Nakata, Martin and Marcia Langton.  Australian Indigenous Knowledge and Libraries
           Canberra:  Australian Academic & Research Libraries, 2005

Nason, James D. “Native American Intellectual Property Rights:  Issues in the Control of
           Esoteric Knowledge” in Bruce Ziff and Pratima V. Rao, ed. Borrowed Power: 
           Essays on Cultural Appropriation New Brunswick, N.J.:  Rutgers University
           Press, 1997

_____. “Traditional Property and Modern Laws: The Need for Native American
            Community Intellectual Property Rights Legislation” Stanford Law and
           Policy Review Spring Vol.12 (2) 2001

_____. “Tribal Research:  Tribal Models for Controlling Research” Tribal College
            Journal Fall Vol. 8 (2) 1996

National Museum of the American Indian “Native Languages Archives Repository
           Project, Reference Guide” (Unpublished) March 11, 2005

Ogden, Sherelyn.  Caring for American Indian Objects:  A Practical and Cultural Guide
           Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2004

Oral History Association Evaluation Guidelines

Society of American Archivists Code of Ethics

Sullivan, Lawrence E. and Alison Edwards.  Stewards of the Sacred Washington, DC: 
            American Association of Museums, 2005

Tuhiwai Smith, Linda.  Decolonizing Methodologies: Research and Indigenous Peoples
           London:  Zed  Books Ltd, 1999

UNESCO.  Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage

United Nations.  Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People              

Wilson, A. C. and M. Yellow Bird.  For Indigenous Eyes Only: A Decolonization Handbook
                Santa Fe: School of American Research, 2005.

World Intellectual Property Organization, Traditional Knowledge, Genetic Resources and
                Traditional Cultural Expressions/Folklore