Teaching Indigenous Languages  

Teaching Indigenous Languages


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Maintaining & Renewing Native Languages

Rationale & Needs for Keeping Languages Alive

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Language Policy & Human Rights

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Havasupai Girls

On September 13, 2007 the United Nations adopted the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which includes language rights. Only four nations initially voted against this declaration, including the U.S.A. Since then Australia, Canada, New Zealand and now the U.S.A have reversed their positions. On December 16, 2010, President Barack Obama declared,

And as you know, in April, we announced that we were reviewing our position on the U.N. Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. And today I can announce that the United States is lending its support to this declaration.

The aspirations it affirms--including the respect for the institutions and rich cultures of Native peoples--are one we must always seek to fulfill. And we're releasing a more detailed statement about U.S. support for the declaration and our ongoing work in Indian Country. But I want to be clear: What matters far more than words--what matters far more than any resolution or declaration--are actions to match those words.... That's the standard I expect my administration to be held to.

Article 13-1 of the declaration reads "Indigenous peoples have the right to revitalize, use, develop and transmit to future generations their histories, languages, oral traditions, philosophies, writing systems and literatures, and to designate and retain their own names for communities, places and persons" and Article 14-1 reads "Indigenous peoples have the right to establish and control their educational systems and institutions providing education in their own languages, in a manner appropriate to their cultural methods of teaching and learning." The United Nations General Assembly declared 2008 as the International Year of Languages.

The National Geographic Society's Enduring Voices Project notes: "Every 14 days a language dies. By 2100, more than half of the more than 7,000 languages spoken on Earth--many of them not yet recorded--may disappear, taking with them a wealth of knowledge about history, culture, the natural environment, and the human brain." It identified five language "hot spots" around the world where Indigenous languages are most rapidly being lost, two of which are in the United States of America. The Native American Languages Act of 1990 makes it U.S. Government policy to promote, protect, and preserve the Indigenous languages of the U.S.A. This "Teaching Indigenous Languages" web site is an outgrowth of a series of annual conferences started in 1994 at Northern Arizona University to help achieve the goals of the Native American Languages Act. These conferences focus on the linguistic, educational, social, and political issues related to the survival of the endangered Indigenous languages of the world. The 20th symposium was held June 2-4, 2013 at Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, Arizona. SILS 21 He Wa'a Ke Kula; Na Ka 'Olelo E Uli (Schools, Our Canoes; Language Steers Them), was held on January 15-19, 2014 at the University of Hawai'i at Hilo in its newly completed Hawaiian language building. To receive conference updates and related information join the Indigenous-L List.

At the heart of this site are over a hundred full text papers from the 1994 through 2008 Stabilizing Indigenous Languages conferences as well as the 2000 Learn in Beauty conference and the 1989 Native American Language Issues Institute published in nine monographs. This site also has over 60 columns from the magazine of the National Association for Bilingual Education, articles, and other materials. There is a subject index, a language/tribe index, and links to related sites, including an American Indian / Indigenous Education site. Please direct comments or questions about this site to Jon Reyhner at Jon.Reyhner@nau.edu.

NEW LINKS
Benefits of Indigenous Language Learning NILI University of Oregon 10/14
Teaching the Whole Child: Language Immersion and Student Achievement Teresa L. Mccarty, Indian Country Today, 9/1/14
Ryan Wilson's Open Letter to Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell 8/21/14
Language Nest Handbook First Peoples' Cultural Council, 2014
Indigenous Educators Learn from Hawaiian Language Renewal
1/21/2014
Teaching the Lakota Language 12/1/2013
Protection of minority languages is a human rights obligation, UN expert says 3/12/2013


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