• Eight Mile Lake, AK; C. Schädel
  • Eight Mile Lake, AK; C. Schädel
  • Alaska Range; credit: C. Schädel
  • Automated Flux Chambers
  • Eriophorum Vaginatum
  • foggy mountains in Healy
  • Winter setting in Healy, AK
  • Winter snow fences
  • Dall Sheep, Denali National Park
  • Fall at CiPEHR
  • Spring at CiPEHR
  • Fall at the Gradient site; credit: E. Webb
  • Snowfences at CiPEHR; credit: S. Natali
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See Google Scholar profiles of individual lab members for full lists of publications


Selected publications:


Garnello A, Marchenko S, Nicolsky D, Romanovsky V, Ledman J, Celis G, Schädel C, Luo Y and Schuur E a. G 2021 Projecting Permafrost Thaw of Sub-Arctic Tundra With a Thermodynamic Model Calibrated to Site Measurements Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 126 e2020JG006218

Mauritz M, Pegoraro E, Ogle K, Ebert C and Schuur E A G 2021 Investigating thaw and plant productivity constraints on old soil carbon respiration from permafrost Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences e2020JG006000

Pegoraro E F, Mauritz M E, Ogle K, Ebert C H and Schuur E A G 2021 Lower soil moisture and deep soil temperatures in thermokarst features increase old soil carbon loss after 10 years of experimental permafrost warming Global Change Biology 27 1293–308

Schuur E A G, Bracho R, Celis G, Belshe E F, Ebert C, Ledman J, Mauritz M, Pegoraro E F, Plaza C, Rodenhizer H, Romanovsky V, Schädel C, Schirokauer D, Taylor M, Vogel J G and Webb E E 2021 Tundra Underlain By Thawing Permafrost Persistently Emits Carbon to the Atmosphere Over 15 Years of Measurements Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 126 e2020JG006044



Rodenhizer H, Ledman J, Mauritz M, Natali SM, Pegoraro E, Plaza C, Romano E, Schädel C, Taylor M, & Schuur EAG (2020). Carbon thaw rate doubles when accounting for subsidence in a permafrost warming experiment. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 125(6), e2019JG005528.



Kwon M, Natali SM, Hicks Pries CE, Schuur EAG, Steinhog A, Crummer KG, Zimov N, Zimov SA, Heimann M, Kolle O, Goeckede M (2019). Drainage enhances surface soil decomposition but stabilizes old carbon pools in tundra ecosystems. Global Change Biology. 25(4): 1315-1325.   

Mauritz M, Celis G, Ebert C, Hutchings J, Ledman J, Natali SM, Pegoraro E, Salmon VG, Schädel C, Taylor M and Schuur EAG (2019) Using Stable Carbon Isotopes of Seasonal Ecosystem Respiration to Determine Permafrost Carbon Loss Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences

Meredith M, Sommerkorn M, Cassota S, Derksen C, Ekaykin A, Hollowed A, Kofinas G, Mackintosh A, Melbourne-Thomas J, Muelbert MMC, Ottersen G, Pritchard H, Schuur EAG, Boyd P, Hobbs W (2019). Polar Regions. In: IPCC Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate [Pörtner H-Ö, Roberts DC, Masson-Delmotte V, Zhai P, Tignor M, Poloczanska E, Mintenbeck K, Alegría A, Nicolai M, Okem A, Petzold J, Rama B, Weyer NM (eds.)].

Pegoraro E, Mauritz M, Bracho R, Ebert C, Dijkstra P, Hungate BA, Konstantinidis K T, Luo Y, Schädel C, Tiedje JM, Zhou J and Schuur EAG (2019) Glucose addition increases the magnitude and decreases the age of soil respired carbon in a long-term permafrost incubation study Soil Biology and Biochemistry:

Plaza C, Pegoraro E, Bracho R, Celis G, Crummer KG, Hutchings JA, Pries CEH, Mauritz M, Natali SM, Salmon VG, Schädel C, Webb EE and Schuur EAG (2019) Direct observation of permafrost degradation and rapid soil carbon loss in tundra Nature Geoscience doi:10.1038/s41561-019-0387-6

Schuur EAG (2019). Permafrost and the Global Carbon Cycle. Arctic Report Card 2019, J Richter-Menge, ML Druckenmiller, and M Jeffries, Eds.,

Walker XJ, Baltzer JL, Cumming SG, Day NJ, Ebert C, Goetz S, Johnstone JF, Potter S, Rogers BM, Schuur EAG, Turetsky MR, and Mack MC. (2019). Increasing wildfires threaten historic carbon sink of boreal forest soils. Nature, 572(7770): 520-523,



Hutchings J, Bianchi TS, Kaufman DS, Kholodov AL, Vaughn DR, Schuur EAG (2018). Millenial-scale carbon accumulation and molecular transformation in a permafrost core from Interior Alaska. Geochimica and Cosmochimica Acta 253:231-248. doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2019.03.028

Melvin A, Celis G, Johnstone JF, McGuire AD, Genet H, Schuur EAG, and Mack MC (2018). Fuel-reduction management alters plant composition, carbon and nitrogen pools, and soil thaw in Alaskan boreal forest. Ecological Applications 28: 149-161.

Salmon VG, Schädel C, Bracho R, Pegoraro E, Celis G, Mauritz M, Mack MC and Schuur EAG (2018) Adding Depth to Our Understanding of Nitrogen Dynamics in Permafrost Soils Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences.

Schädel C, Koven CD, Lawrence DM, Celis G, Garnello AJ, Hutchings J, Mauritz M, Natali SM, Pegoraro E, Rodenhizer H, Salmon VG, Taylor MA, Webb EE, Wieder WR and Schuur EAG (2018) Divergent patterns of experimental and model-derived permafrost ecosystem carbon dynamics in response to Arctic warming Environ. Res. Lett. 13 105002.

Schuur EAG and Mack MC (2018) Ecological Response to Permafrost Thaw and Consequences for Local and Global Ecosystem Services Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 49 279–301.

Schuur EAG, McGuire AD, Romanovsky V, Schädel C, and Mack M (2018): Chapter 11: Arctic and boreal carbon. In Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2): A Sustained Assessment Report [Cavallaro N, Shrestha G, Birdsey R, Mayes MA, Najjar RG, Reed SC, Romero-Lankao P, and Zhu Z (eds.)]. U.S. Global Change Research Program, Washington, DC, USA, pp. 428-468, SOCCR2.2018.Ch11

Taylor MA, Celis G, Ledman JD, Bracho R and Schuur EAG (2018) Methane Efflux Measured by Eddy Covariance in Alaskan Upland Tundra Undergoing Permafrost Degradation Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences.



Celis G, Mauritz M, Bracho R, Salmon VG, Webb EE, Hutchings J, Natali SM, Schädel C, Crummer KG, Schuur EAG (2017). Tundra is a consistent source of CO2 at a site with progressive permafrost thaw during six years of chamber and eddy covariance measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. doi:10.1002/2016JG003671

Mauritz, M, Bracho, R, Celis, G, Hutchings, J, Natali, SM, Pegoraro, E, Salmon, VG, Schädel, C, Webb, EE and Schuur, EAG (2017), Non-linear CO2 flux response to seven years of experimentally induced permafrost thaw. Glob Change Biol.doi:10.1111/gcb.13661



Bracho R, Natali S, Pegoraro E, Crummer KG, Schädel C, Celis G, Hale L, Wu L, Yin H, Tiedje JM, Konstantinidis KT, Luo Y, Zhou J, Schuur EAG (2016) Temperature sensitivity of organic matter decomposition of permafrost-region soils during laboratory incubations. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 97, 1-14. doi:10.1016/j.soilbio.2016.02.008

Xue K, Yuan MM, Shi ZJ, Qin Y, Deng Y, Cheng L, Wu L, He Z, Nostrand JDV, Bracho R, Natali S, Schuur EAG, Luo C, Konstantinidis KT, Wang Q, Cole JR, Tiedje JM, Luo Y, Zhou J (2016). Tundra soil carbon is vulnerable to rapid microbial decomposition under climate warming. Nature Climate Change 6:595-600.

Hicks Pries CE, Schuur EAG, Natali SM, Crummer KG (2016) Old soil carbon losses increase with ecosystem respiration in experimentally thawed tundra. Nature Clim. Change, 6, 214-218. doi:10.1038/nclimate2830

Salmon VG, Soucy P, Mauritz M, Celis G, Natali SM, Mack MC, Schuur EAG (2016) Nitrogen availability increases in a tundra ecosystem during five years of experimental permafrost thaw. Global Change Biology. doi: 10.1111/gcb.13204

Schädel C, Bader MKF, Schuur EAG, Biasi C, Bracho R, Čapek P, De Baets S, Diáková K, Ernakovich J, Estop-Aragones C, Graham DE, Hartley IP, Iversen CM, Kane E, Knoblauch C, Lupascu M, Martikainen PJ, Natali SM, Norby RJ, O/'Donnell JA, Chowdhury TR, Šantrůčková H, Shaver G, Sloan VL, Treat CC, Turetsky MR, Waldrop MP, Wickland KP (2016) Potential carbon emissions dominated by carbon dioxide from thawed permafrost soils. Nature Clim. Change, 6, 950-953. doi:10.1038/nclimate3054

Schuur EAG, Trumbore SE, Druffel ERM, Southon JR, Steinhof A, Taylor RE, Turnbull JC (2016). Chapter 1: Radiocarbon and the Global Carbon Cycle. Radiocarbon and Climate Change p. 1-19. In: Radiocarbon and Climate Change: Mechanisms, Applications, and Laboratory Techniques

Schuur EAG (2016). The permafrost prediction. Scientific American December Issue

Webb EE, Schuur EAG, Natali SM, Oken KL, Bracho R, Krapek JP, Risk D, Nickerson NR (2016) Increased wintertime CO2 loss as a result of sustained tundra warming. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. doi:10.1002/2014JG002795



Deane-Coe K, Mauritz M, Celis G, Salmon V, Crummer K, Natali S, and Schuur EAG (2015) Experimental Warming Alters Productivity and Isotopic Signatures of Tundra Mosses, Ecosystems, 18, 1070-1082, 10.1007/s10021-015-9884-7

Mayor JR, Mack MC, and Schuur EAG (2015).  Decoupled stoichiometric, isotopic, and fungal responses of an ectomycorrhizal black spruce forest to nitrogen and phosphorus additions. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 88:247-256.

Melvin A, Mack MC, Johnston J, McGuire AD, Genet H, Schuur EAG (2015). Differences in ecosystem carbon distribution and nutrient cycling linked to forest tree species composition in a mid-successional boreal forest. Ecosystems

Natali SM, Schuur EAG, Mauritz M, Schade JD, Celis G, Crummer KG, Johnston C, Krapek J, Pegoraro E, Salmon VG, Webb EE (2015) Permafrost thaw and soil moisture driving CO2 and CH4 release from upland tundra. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 2014JG002872, doi:10.1002/2014JG002872

Schuur, EAG, McGuire AD, Schädel C, Grosse G., Harden JW, Hayes DJ, Hugelius G, Koven CD, Kuhry P, Lawrence DM, Natali SM, Olefeldt C, Romanovsky VE, Schaefer K, Turetsky MR, Treat CC and Vonk JE (2015). Climate change and the permafrost carbon feedback. Nature 520 (7546): 171-179. doi:10.1038/nature14338



Natali SM, Schuur EAG, Webb EE, Pries CEH, Crummer KG (2014) Permafrost degradation stimulates carbon loss from experimentally warmed tundra. Ecology, 95, 3. 602-608, doi: 10.1890/13-0602.1

Pizaon C, Baron AF, Schuur EAG, Crummer KG, Mack MC(2014) Effects of thermo-erosional disturbance on surface soil carbon and nitrogen dynamics in upland arctic tundra. Environmental Research Letters 9:075006

Schädel C, Schuur EAG, Bracho R et al.(2014) Circumpolar assessment of permafrost C quality and its vulnerability over time using long-term incubation data. Global Change Biology, 20, 641-652. doi: 10.1111/gcb.12417



Belshe EF , Schuur EAG, Bolker BM (2013) Tundra ecosystems observed to be CO2 sources due to differential amplification of the carbon cycle. Ecology Letters, doi: 10.1111/ele.12164

Belshe EF, Schuur EAG, Grosse G (2013) Quantification of upland thermokarst features with high resolution remote sensing. Environmental Research Letters, 8, 035016. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/3/035016

Hicks Pries CE, Schuur EAG, Vogel JG, and Natali SM. 2013. Moisture drives surface decomposition in thawing tundra. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences: doi: 10.1002/jgrg.20089

Hicks Pries CE, Schuur EAG, and Crummer KG. 2013. Thawing permafrost increases old soil and autotrophic respiration in tundra: Partitioning ecosystem respiration using δ13C and ∆14C. Global Change Biology 19:649-661. doi: 10.1111/gcb.12058

Schuur EAG, Abbott BW, Bowden WB, Brovkin V, Camill P, Canadell J G, Chanton JP, Chapin FS III, Christensen TR, Ciais P, Crosby BT, Czimczik CI, Grosse G, Harden J, Hayes DJ, Hugelius G, Jastrow JD, Jones JB, Kleinen T, Koven CD, Krinner G, Kuhry P, Lawrence DM, McGuire AD, Natali SM, O’Donnell JA, Ping CL, Riley WJ, Rinke A, Romanovsky VE, Sannel ABK, Schädel C, Schaefer K, Sky J, Subin ZM, Tarnocai C, Turetsky MR, Waldrop MP, Walter Anthony KM, Wickland KP, Wilson CJ and Zimov SA 2013 Expert assessment of vulnerability of permafrost carbon to climate change Climatic Change 119 359–74. Download PDF.



Belshe EF, Schuur EAG, Bolker BM, and Bracho R. 2012. Incorporating spatial heterogeneity created by permafrost thaw into a landscape carbon estimate. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences 117. doi:10.1029/2011jg001836

Lee H, Schuur EAG, Inglett KS, Lavoie M, and Chanton JP. 2012. The rate of permafrost carbon release under aerobic and anaerobic conditions and its potential effects on climate. Global Change Biology 18:515-527. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2011.02519.x

Mayor JM, Schuur EAG, Hollingsworth T, Mack MC, Baath E (2012). Nitrogen isotope patterns in Alaskan black spruce reflect organic nitrogen sources and the activity of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Ecosystems 15:819-831.

Natali SM, Schuur EAG, and Rubin RL 2012. Increased plant productivity in Alaskan tundra as a result of experimental warming of soil and permafrost. Journal of Ecology 100:488-498. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2745.2011.01925.x

Pries CHE, Schuur EAG, and Crummer KG. 2012. Holocene Carbon Stocks and Carbon Accumulation Rates Altered in Soils Undergoing Permafrost Thaw. Ecosystems 15:162-173. doi:10.1007/s10021-011-9500-4

Trucco C, Schuur EAG, Natali SM, Belshe EF, Bracho R, and Vogel J. 2012. Seven-year trends of CO2 exchange in a tundra ecosystem affected by long-term permafrost thaw. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences 117, G02031. doi:10.1029/2011jg001907



Lavoie M, Mack MC, and Schuur EAG. (2011). Effects of elevated nitrogen and temperature on carbon and nitrogen dynamics in Alaskan arctic and boreal soils. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences 116.

Lee H, Schuur EAG, Vogel JG, Lavoie M, Bhadra D, and Staudhammer CL. (2011). A spatially explicit analysis to extrapolate carbon fluxes in upland tundra where permafrost is thawing. Global Change Biology 17:1379-1393.

Natali SM, Schuur EAG, Trucco C, Hicks Pries CE, Crummer KG, and Baron Lopez AF (2011). Effects of experimental warming of air, soil and permafrost on carbon balance in Alaskan tundra. Global Change Biology 17:1394-1407.

Posada JM and Schuur EAG (2011). High precipitation regime reduces nutrient availability and carbon cycling in tropical lowland wet forest. Oecologia165(3):783- 95. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-010-1881-0

Schuur EAG, Abbott AB, and the Permafrost Carbon Network. (2011). Climate change: High risk of permafrost thaw. Nature 480:32-33.



Boby L, Schuur EAG, Mack MC, Verbyla D, Johnstone JF (2010). Quantifying fire severity, carbon, and nitrogen emissions in Alaska’s boreal forest: the adventitious root method. Ecological Applications 20:1633–1647. DOI: 10.1890/08-2295.1  

Lee H, Schuur EAG, and Vogel JG. 2010. Soil CO(2) production in upland tundra where permafrost is thawing. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences 115.10



Schuur EAG, Vogel JG, Crummer KG, Lee H, Sickman JO, Osterkamp TE (2009). The effect of permafrost thaw on old carbon release and net carbon exchange from tundra. Nature 459: 556-559.

Vogel JG, Schuur EAG, Trucco C, Lee H (2009). The carbon cycling response of arctic tundra to permafrost thaw and thermokarst development. Journal of Geophysical Research-Biogeosciences, 114, G4,



Schuur EAG, Bockheim J, Canadell JG, Euskirchen E, Field CB, Goryachkin SV, Hagemann S, Kuhry P, Lafleur PM, Lee H, Mazhitova G, Nelson FE, Rinke A, Romanovsky VE, Shiklomanov N, Tarnocai C, Venevsky S, Vogel JG and Zimov S A 2008 Vulnerability of permafrost carbon to climate change: Implications for the global carbon cycle Bioscience 58 701–14